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Ion Pair-Dispersive Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Coupled to Microsample Injection System-Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry For Determination of Gold at Trace Level in Real Samples

Latif ELÇİ, Aysen Hol, Aslıhan Arslan Kartal, Abdullah Akdogan, Aydan ELÇİ, Tuba Arslan

Abstract


A novel ion pair-dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (IP-DLLME) of gold followed by its determination with microsample injection system-flame atomic absorption spectrometry (MIS-FAAS) detection was developed. The extraction method was based on the reaction of anionic tetrachloro gold(III) complex with the cationic form of Rhodamine B to give a violet ion pair complex, which is extracted from 1.0 mol L-1 HCl solution of 8.0 mL to fine droplets of chloroform of 500 µL. A Plackett-Burman experimental design of MINITAB statistical program was employed to optimize the influence of main parameters to be controlled in DLLME.  After optimizing the extraction conditions, gold was quantitatively recovered by preconcentration factor of 40, limit of detection (LOD) of 1.8 μg L-1 and relative standard deviation of less than 6.8%. The proposed method was successfully applied to the preconcentration and determination of gold in some samples such as tap water, waste water, copper electrolysis solution and copper wire coated nickel.


Keywords


Gold; dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction; Rhodamine B; experimental design; MIS-AAS; water and copper samples

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2014.897

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Copyright (c) 2015 Latif ELÇİ, Aysen Hol, Aslıhan Arslan Kartal, Abdullah Akdogan, Aydan ELÇİ, Tuba Arslan

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