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Ionic Liquid Supported on Magnetic Graphene Oxide as a Highly Efficient and Stable Catalyst for the Synthesis of Triazolopyrimidines

Azar Jahanbakhshi, Mahnaz Farahi, Yeganeh Aghajani

Abstract


A novel sulfonic acid functionalized ionic liquid was prepared by anchoring 1-(propyl-3-sulfonate) vinylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([(CH2)3SO3HVIm]HSO4) on Fe3O4@GO. The prepared heterogeneous catalyst was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, EDX, SEM, VSM and TGA techniques. The results show that [(CH2)3SO3HVIm]HSO4 was successfully deposited on the surface of Fe3O4@GO and the prepared ionic liquid catalyst exhibited good thermal stability. The activity of the prepared catalyst was investigated in the synthesis of triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine derivatives by a one-pot three-component reaction of active methylene compound (malononitrile or ethyl cyanoacetate), 3-amine-1H-1,2,4-triazole and aryl aldehydes under solvent-free conditions. This catalyst could be rapidly separated by an external magnet and recycled seven times without significant loss of catalytic activity.


Keywords


Ionic liquid; graphen oxide; triazolopyrimidines; Fe3O4

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2022.7593

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Copyright (c) 2022 Azar Jahanbakhshi, Mahnaz Farahi, Yeganeh Aghajani

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