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In-Situ Intercalating of Silica Nanospheres into Polypyrrole During Its Electropolymerization to Prepare a Sorbent for Headspace Microextraction of Aldehydes in Edible Oils

Amin Hamdi, Kolsoum Dalvand, Alireza Ghiasvand, Nahid Heidari


The quality of edible oils is significantly affected by autoxidation of lipids, which alters their flavor and nutritional quality through production of toxic materials like aldehydes (an important class of oil deterioration markers). Herein, an amino-silica nanospheres/polypyrrole (ASNS/PPy) nanocomposite sorbent was synthesized and used as the fiber coating for headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) of aldehydes in edible oils, followed by gas chromatography (GC) separation and determination. Amino-silica nanoparticles were prepared by an amended Stöber method and composited with polypyrrole during its electropolymerization on the surface of a platinized stainless-steel fiber. The synergy between in-situ electropolymerization and rough surface of the platinized metal substrate created a durable fiber coating with unique uniformity, cohesiveness, and adsorption properties. The synthesized nanocomposite was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The performance of the prepared fiber was optimized by investigating the affecting variables including extraction temperature and time, stirring rate, and desorption conditions. The obtained limits of detection for hexanal and heptanal in sunflower oil were 0.005-0.009 µg mL-1. The prepared fiber exhibited excellent repeatability and reproducibility with the intra-fiber and inter-fiber relative standard deviations in the ranges of 3.9-8.8% and 7.3-15.1%, respectively. The proposed HS-SPME-GC strategy was successfully applied for the analysis of aldehydes in commercial edible oil samples.


Amino-silica nanospheres/polypyrrole; HS-SPME; edible oil; aldehydes

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