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Synthesis of CuO by Electrospinning Method for Sensing of Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide Gases

Abdollah Fallah Shojaei, Parisa Fallah Komsari

Abstract


The pure CuO nanofibers were synthesized via the electrospinning method successfully. The calcinated CuO nanofibers were investigated for sensing hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases. Structural properties of the synthesized calcinated nanofibers were studied using Fourier –transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and particle morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). SEM images confirmed string-like structures, nanofibers. The sensor based on the calcinated CuO nanofibers exhibited excellent gas sensing performance at the low operating temperature of 175 °C and the fast response and recovery characteristics at a low concentration. Moreover, good stability, prominent reproducibility, and excellent selectivity are also observed based on the calcinated nanofibers. These results demonstrate the potential application of calcinated CuO nanofibers for sensing hydrogen (10–200 ppm) and carbon monoxide (400–700 ppm) gases.


Keywords


CuO; Carbon Monoxide; Electrospinning; Hydrogen; Nanoparticles

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2021.6914

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Copyright (c) 2020 Abdollah Fallah Shojaei, Parisa Fallah Komsari

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