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Biosorption of Hexavalent Chromium Metal Ions by Lentinula Edodes Biomass: Kinetic, Isothermal, and Thermodynamic Parameters

Aslı Göçenoğlu Sarıkaya

Abstract


Lentinula edodes was investigated as a biosorbent for hexavalent chromium biosorption in this study. To examine the optimum conditions of biosorption, the pH of the hexavalent chromium solution, biosorbent dosage, temperature, contact time, and initial hexavalent chromium concentration were identified. Further, to clarify the biosorption mechanism process, the isothermal, kinetic, and thermodynamic parameters were determined. The functional groups and surface morphology of the biosorbent were identified using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy in the absence and presence of hexavalent chromium, respectively. Based on the results, the maximum biosorption capacity was determined as 194.57 mg g–1 under acidic conditions at 45 °C. From the kinetics studies, the biosorption process was observed to follow the Freundlich isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models well. Thus, L. edodes as a biosorbent has potential usage for wastewater treatment owing to its effective biosorption capacity.


Keywords


Biosorption; fungal biomass; hexavalent chromium; Lentinula edodes

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2020.6408

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