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New Approaches for the Synthesis of Heterocyclic Compounds Derived from Cyclohexan-1,3-dione with Anti-proliferative Activities

Rafat Milad Mohareb, Yara Raafat Milad, Ayat Ali Masoud


In the present work a series of heterocyclization reactions were adopted using cyclohexan-1,3-dione through its reaction with either furan-2-carbaldehyde or thiophene-2-carbaldehyde to give the corresponding ylidene derivatives 3a,b. The latter compounds underwent heterocyclization reactions to give thiophene and pyran derivatives 5ad and 6ad, respectively. Moreover, compounds 3a,b reacted with elemental sulfur and phenyl isothiocyanate to give the fused thiazole derivatives 8a,b. In addition, the reaction with either of hydrazine hydrate or phenylhydrazine has given the 4-hydrazono-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-indazole derivatives 10ad, respectively. Similarly, the reaction of either 3a or 3b with hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave the 6,7-dihydrobenzo[c]isoxazol-4(5H)-one oxime derivatives 12a and 12b, respectively. Other fused heterocyclic compounds were produced and their structures were elucidated. Evaluation of the synthesized compounds against selected cancer cell lines was performed. The most active compounds were further evaluated against tyrosine kinases and Pim-1 kinase inhibitions.


cyclohexan-1,3-dione; thiophene; pyrazole; isoxazole; cytotoxicity

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