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Multi-component Reactions of Cyclohexan-1,3-diketones to Produce Fused Pyran Derivatives with Antiproliferative Activities and Tyrosine Kinases and Pim-1 Kinase Inhibitions

Rafat M Mohareb, Rehab Ali Ibrahim, Ensaf Sultan Alwan


In this work the multi-component reactions of either of the arylhydrazocyclohexan-1,3-dione derivatives 3ac with either of benzaldehyde (4a), 4-chlorobenzaldehyde (4b) or 4-methoxybenzaldehyde (4c) and either malononitrile (5a) or ethyl cyanoacetate (5b) giving the 5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromene derivatives 6ar, respectively, are presented. The reaction of two equivalents of cyclohexan-1,3-dione with benzaldehyde gave the hexahydro-1H-xanthene-1,8(2H)-dione derivative 7. On the other hand, the multi-component reactions of compound 1 with dimedone and benzaldehyde gave 13. Both of 7 and 13 underwent heterocyclization reactions to produce fused thiophene, pyran and thiazole derivatives. Selected compounds among the synthesized compounds were tested against six cancer cell lines where most of them gave high inhibitions; especially compounds 3b, 3c, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6f, 6i, 6m, 6n, 8b, 14a, 15 and 16 being the most cytotoxic compounds. Further tests against the five tyrosine kinases c-Kit, Flt-3, VEGFR-2, EGFR, and PDGFR and Pim-1 kinase showed that compounds 3c, 6c, 6d, 6f, 6n, 14a and 15 were the most potent of the tested compounds toward the five tyrosine kinases and compounds 3c, 6c, 6d, 6n and 15 displayed the highest inhibitions toward Pim-1 kinase.


Cyclohexan-1,3-dione; dimedone; thiophene; pyran; thiazole; antitumer; tyrosine kinases

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