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Post Polymerisation Hypercrosslinking with Emulsion Templating for Hierarchical and Multi-Level Porous Polymers

Amadeja Koler, Irena Pulko, Peter Krajnc

Abstract


Porosity in polymers and polymeric materials adds to their functionality due to achieving the desired tailored characteristics porosity offers, such as improved mass transfer through the material, improved accessibility of reactive sites, reduced overall mass, tunable separation properties, etc. Therefore, applications in many fields, e.g. catalysis, separation, solid phase synthesis, adsorption, sensing, biomedical devices etc., drive the development of polymers with controlled morphology in terms of pore size, shape, interconnectivity and pore size distribution. Of particular interest are polymers with distinct bimodal or hierarchical pore distribution as this enables uses in applications where pore sizes on multiple levels are needed. Emulsion templating can be used for the preparation of polymers with included interconnected spherical pores on the micrometre level while post polymerisation crosslinking adds micro porosity. Combined use of both techniques yields multi-level and hierarchically porous materials with great application potential.


Keywords


PolyHIPE; hypercrosslinking; porous polymers; porosity; emulsion templating; hierarchical polymers

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2020.5901

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Copyright (c) 2020 Peter Krajnc, Amadeja Koler, Irena Pulko

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