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Determination of Morin and Quercetin in Fruit Juice Samples using Air-Assisted Liquid-Liquid Microextraction Based on Solidification of Floating Organic Droplet and HPLC-UV

Armin Fallah, Mohammadreza Hadjmohammadi


In this study, a rapid and efficient method has been used for the extraction and determination of morin and quercetin in fruit juice samples based on air-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic droplet and HPLC-UV. The effects of 7 important parameters on the extraction recovery were examined and were optimized by Plackett-Burman design and Central Composite design. According to the Plackett-Burman design results, ionic strength of the sample solutions, the aspiration/dispersion cycles, and the rate and time of centrifuge did not show significant effects on the extraction of morin and quercetin. The optimized conditions of extraction were as follows; the volume of the extraction solvent of 83.6 µL, pH of 4.34 for the sample, and 1-undecanol as extraction solvent. Under these conditions, the linear calibration curve was in the ranges of 1–1000 ng/mL and 0.5–1000 ng/mL for morin and quercetin, respectively,  with the determination coefficient values above 0.99. The limit of detection of morin and quercetin was 0.3 and 0.2 ng/mL, respectively. The extraction recoveries for 10 ng/mL of morin and quercetin were 98.9% and 96.5%, respectively; while, relative standard deviations (n = 3) were lower than 3.2%.


Morin; Quercetin; Fruit juices; HPLC

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Copyright (c) 2020 Armin Fallah, Mohammadreza Hadjmohammadi

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