Cover Image

Arsenic in Sediments, Soil and Plants in a Remediated Area of the Iron Quadrangle, Brazil, and its Accumulation and Biotransformation in Eleocharis geniculata

Maria Angela de B.C. Menezes, Ingrid Falnoga, Zdenka Šlejkovec, Radojko Jaćimovič, Nilton Couto, Eleonora Deschamps, Jadran Faganeli

Abstract


Since arsenic (As) exposure is largely due  to geochemical contamination, this study focused on the remediated area of Santana do Morro, a district of Santa Bárbara, Minas Gerais, Brazil, which was previously contaminated with As due to gold mining. Total As concentrations in sediment, soil and plants were determined, next to As species, anionic arsenic compounds As(III), As(V), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), in plants samples. Total As concentrations in soil and sediments were slightly elevated (16-18 µg g-1) and most of the plants contained low levels of As (< 1 µg g-1). The exception was a native plant Eleocharis geniculata (L.) which contained elevated levels of As (4 µg g-1). The exposure of this plant to As under controlled conditions (hydroponics) indicated its possible tolerance to elevated As levels and suggesting its potential use in phytomonitoring of As-contaminated sites. This plant is able to metabolize arsenate to arsenite and contained MMA and DMA, both in its natural habitat and under controlled conditions.


Keywords


Arsenic species; soil; sediments; plants; Cyperacea; Iron Quadrangle

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2019.5760

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Maria Angela de B.C. Menezes, Ingrid Falnoga, Zdenka Šlejkovec, Radojko Jaćimovič, Nilton Couto, Eleonora Deschamps, Jadran Faganeli

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.