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Electrochemical Quantitative Assessment of Labetalol Hydrochloride in Pure Form and Combined Pharmaceutical Formulations

Maissa Yacoub Salem, Nagiba Yehia Hassan, Yasmin Mohamed Fayez, Samah Abd-EL Sabour Mohamed, ENAS Shabaan ALI

Abstract


This work describes how to utilize the electrochemical technique to determine labetalol hydrochloride (Lab) in pure form and combined pharmaceutical formulation for quality control purposes. Four membrane sensors were developed using two plasticizers, dioctyl phthalate with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin and ammonium reineckate (RNC) for sensors 1a and 2a, and tributyl phthalate with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin and ammonium reineckate for sensors 1b and 2b as ionophores in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) matrix. Fast response and stable Nernstian slopes of 59.60, 57.58, 53.00 and 55.00 mV/decade for sensors 1a, 2a, 1b, and 2b, respectively, were obtained by developed sensors within a concentration range 10–4 M–10–2 M over pH range 2.00–5.10. Developed sensors showed good selectivity for Lab in pure form, in the presence of co-administered drugs, many of interfering ions, and excipients present in pharmaceutical formulation. No remarkable difference was detected upon the statistical comparison between the results of proposed sensors and the official method.


Keywords


ammonium reineckate; β-cyclodextrin; ion selective-electrode; labetalol hydrochloride; tributylphethalate; dioctylphethalate.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2019.5140

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Copyright (c) 2020 Maissa Yacoub Salem, Nagiba Yehia Hassan, Yasmin Mohamed Fayez, Samah Abd-EL Sabour Mohamed, ENAS Shabaan ALI

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