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Methodological Aspects of Extraction, Phytochemical Characterization and Molecular Docking Studies of Salix caprea L. Bark and Leaves

Emilia Gligorić, Ružica Igić, Ljiljana Suvajdžić, Branislava Teofilović, Maja Turk-Sekulić, Nevena Grujić-Letić

Abstract


Contents of twelve selected bioactive substances and antioxidant potential of Salix caprea L. extracts were compared in its two vegetative organs (bark and leaves) and in terms of different ethanol/water mixtures used for extraction (30-70% aq, ethanol) and extraction time (30 min; 24, 48 and 72 h). The extracts were characterized by High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), and total phenolics and flavonoids were determined spectrophotometrically. All secondary metabolites identified in Salix caprea L. extracts (gallic, chlorogenic and vanillic acid, epicatechin, rutin, quercetin and naringenin) were found more accumulated in bark. Salicin and p-hydroxybenzoic acid were detected in bark and ferulic, trans-cinnamic and p-coumaric acid in leaves extracts only. Rutin was most abundant bioactive compound both in bark (1.71 g/100 g of de) and leaves extracts (0.434 g/100 g of de). Bark extract with highest bioactive substances contents was obtained with 70% aq. ethanol as most suitable solvent during extraction time of 48 h. Molecular docking showed salicin to have similar affinity toward COX-2 as acetylsalicylic acid, but lower toward COX-1.


Keywords


Extraction; HPLC; molecular docking; salicin; Salix caprea

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2018.4829

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Copyright (c) 2019 Emilia Gligorić, Ružica Igić, Ljiljana Suvajdžić, Branislava Teofilović, Maja Turk-Sekulić, Nevena Grujić-Letić

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