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Preparation, Characterization and Catalytic Activity of NiOx and NiOx/ZrO2 for Oxidation of Phenol in Aqueous Solution

Dimitar Petrov, Stoyanka Christoskova, Maria Stoyanova, Vanina Ivanova, Daniela Karashanova

Abstract


In the present study bulk NiOx and supported NiOx/ZrO2 catalysts have been prepared. The bulk NiOx was synthesized using the precipitation-oxidation method with reverse order of precipitation while deposition-precipitation technique was used for the preparation of zirconia supported catalyst. The as-prepared samples were characterized by means of XRD, HRTEM, SAED, IR-spectroscopy and chemical analyses. It was found that under the applied synthesis methods nanosized and highly dispersed oxide materials with high active oxygen content were obtained. The catalytic activity and selectivity of these oxide catalysts have been studied in reaction of low-temperature complete oxidation of phenol in aqueous phase. The effects of several parameters such as catalyst amount, temperature and solution pH on the degradation efficiency of the process were also investigated. Experimental results demonstrated that phenol could be completely oxidized under all reaction conditions, except at pH = 12.p

Keywords


Phenol; Complete oxidation; Oxide catalysts; SAED; FTIR; Reaction kinetics

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