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Biosorption of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol from aqueous medium using agro-waste: Pine (Pinus densiflora Sieb) bark powder

Nadavala Siva Kumar, Mohammad Asif, Mansoor I Al-Hazzaa, Ahmed A. Ibrahim

Abstract


Most industrial waste discharges are often contaminated with phenolic compounds, which constitute a major source of water pollution owing to their toxicity and low biodegradability. Development of cost-effective treatment of such industrial wastewater is therefore of paramount importance. Towards this end, we explore the efficacy of Pine bark powder (PBP), which is an agricultural solid waste material, as a low-cost biosorbent without any pre-treatment, for the adsorptive removal of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) from aqueous media. The PBP was thoroughly characterized and the effect of important adsorption parameters were examined in the present investigation. The batch equilibrium data were analyzed using well-known isotherm models. Freundlich isotherm model provided the best description of the equilibrium biosorption behavior. At 25 ± 1°C, the maximum biosorption capacity (qmax) was 289.09 mg/g, which is higher than most biosorbents reported in the literature while the removal as high as 97% was obtained. Moreover, the biosorption process was fast, attaining equilibrium in less than 120 min of contact. The Elovich model accurately described the kinetics data. In view of high biosorption capacity and fast removal rates, PBP can be used for an efficient and cost-effective treatment of 2,4,6-TCP contaminated wastewater. 


Keywords


Biosorption; Pine bark powder; 2,4,6-trichlorophenol; Kinetics and Isotherm models

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2017.3886

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Copyright (c) 2018 Nadavala Siva Kumar, Mohammad Asif, Mansoor I Al-Hazzaa, Ahmed A. Ibrahim

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