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Preparation and characterization of Chromium-Doped Ni-Cu-Zn Nano Ferrites

Bajarang Laxman Shinde, Laxman Appa Dhale, Venkat S. Suryavanshi, Kishan Shankarrao Lohar


Chromium doped Ni-Cu-Zn nano ferrites with chemical formula Ni0.2Cu0.2Zn0.6Fe2-xCrxO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0) were prepared by using sol-gel auto combustion method. The prepared precursors of Chromium substituted Ni-Cu-Zn ferrites were sintered at 500 0C for 4h. Compositional stoichiometry were confirmed from EDAX patterns. The XRD data revealed that the all samples possess a single phase cubic spinel structure. The Lattice constant, X-ray density, hopping lengths and crystallite size determined from XRD data decreases with increase in Cr3+ concentration. The IR spectra show two major absorption bands, high frequency band ν1 ≈ 600 cm-1 and low frequency band ν2 ≈ 450 cm-1 attributed to the stretching vibration of tetrahedral and octahedral sites respectively. The surface morphology of the prepared samples was studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Transmission Electron Morphology.


Spinel ferrites; Sol-gel auto combustion; TGA; SEM; TEM

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