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The methodology applied in DPPH, ABTS and Folin-Ciocalteau assays has a large influence on the determined antioxidant potential

Helena Abramovič, Blaž Grobin, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Blaž Cigić

Abstract


Antioxidant potential (AOP) is not only the property of the matrix analyzed but also depends greatly on the methodology used. The 2,2'-azino-bis-3-etilbenzotiazolin-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS•+), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) methods were applied to estimate how the method and the composition of the assay solvent influence the AOP determined for coffee, tea, beer, apple juice and dietary supplements. Large differences between the AOP values depending on the reaction medium were observed, with the highest AOP determined mostly in the FC assay. In reactions with chromogenic radicals several fold higher values of AOP were obtained in buffer pH 7.4 than in water or methanol. The type of assay and solvent composition have similar influences on the reactivity of a particular antioxidant, either pure or as part of a complex matrix. The reaction kinetics of radicals with antioxidants in samples reveals that AOP depends strongly on incubation time, yet differently for each sample analyzed and the assay applied.

Keywords


chromogenic radicals; antiradical activity; Folin-Ciocalteu; reaction kinetics; Trolox equivalents; solvent composition

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2017.3408

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Copyright (c) 2017 Helena Abramovič, Blaž Grobin, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Blaž Cigić

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