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Synthesis of MnO2 on activated carbon and its potential application in the adsorption of As(V) and Pb(II) in aqueous solutions

Roberto Contreras-Bustos, E. Manríquez-Reza, Jaime Jiménez-Becerril, Melania Jimenez-Reyes, Bibiana Cercado-Quezada

Abstract


The conditions for the synthesis of a material with MnO2 (OMD) on activated carbon (AC) were studied. These conditions were: reaction time, temperature, stirring speed, concentrations of AC, H2SO4, and O3 in solution, and particle size. Agglomerates on AC were observed by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microanalysis by energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and revealed the presence of OMD deposited on the surface. The activation energy and the factor of frequency for the reaction were determined as Ea = 1.2 kcal/mol and A = 2.2. The value of Ea indicates that the precipitation of OMD on the AC was controlled by mass transfer in aqueous solution and the order of reaction was zero.

The adsorption capacities of AC were q = 14 mg Pb(II)/g AC and q = 9.1 mg As(V)/g AC. Whereas, for the OMD/AC obtained in the following conditions: [AC] 1 or 2 g/L, particle size of AC of +0.59 mm, [H2SO4] 1 or 2 mol/L, 25 °C, stirring speed 600 rpm, and [O3] 1.35 mol/L, the adsorption capacities were q = 90.5 mg Pb(II)/g OMD/AC and 25.4 mg As(V)/g OMD/AC. Therefore, the fixing of OMD on the surface of the AC greatly improved the removal of both Pb(II) and As(V)from aqueous solutions.


Keywords


MnO2; Activated carbon; Lead, Arsenic; Adsorption

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2017.3274

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Copyright (c) 2017 Roberto Contreras-Bustos, E. Manríquez-Reza, Jaime Jiménez-Becerril, Melania Jimenez-Reyes, Bibiana Cercado-Quezada

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