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Adsorptive Removal of Malachite Green from Model Aqueous Solutions by Chemically Modified Waste Green Tea Biomass

Cerasella Indolean, Silvia Burcă, Andrada Măicăneanu

Abstract


The adsorption of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution by waste green tea (WGT) biomass was investigated. A series of experiments in batch conditions were conducted in order to assess the MG removal on WGT, following adsorbent quantity and temperature influences. Maximum removal efficiency for untreated WGT was 89% (4 g biomass, 100 mL solution of 94 mg/L, 316 K). It was found that the adsorption of MG increased by increasing temperature from 296 to 316 K. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔHº, ΔSº, ΔGº) were calculated, and indicated that dye adsorption onto the studied biomass was endothermic and non-spontaneous. Six chemical treatments were tested (four acidic – H3PO4, H2SO4, HCl, and tartaric acid, one oxidant – H2O2, and one basic – NaOH) in order to study the chemical groups responsible for MG adsorption onto WGT biomass. The alkali and acidic treatments led to an increase of adsorption efficiency up to 92% and 95% (H2SO4) respectively. The FTIR spectroscopy results emphasized the modifications of the biomass surface and how these are influencing the adsorption process.


Keywords


Waste green tea; chemical treatment; adsorption; malachite green; SEM analysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2017.3271

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