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Chemistry of metal-organic frameworks monitored by advanced X-ray diffraction and scattering techniques

Matjaž Mazaj, Venčeslav Kaučič, Nataša Zabukovec Logar

Abstract


The research on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) experienced rapid progress in recent years due to their structure diversity and wide range of application opportunities. Continuous progress of X-ray and neutron diffraction methods enables more and more detailed insight into MOF’s structural features and significantly contributes to the understanding of their chemistry. Improved instrumentation and data processing in high-resolution X-ray diffraction methods enables the determination of new complex MOF crystal structures in powdered form. By the use of neutron diffraction techniques, a lot of knowledge about the interaction of guest molecules with crystalline framework has been gained in the past few years. Moreover, in-situ time-resolved studies by various diffraction and scattering techniques provided comprehensive information about crystallization kinetics, crystal growth mechanism and structural dynamics triggered by external physical or chemical stimuli. The review emphasizes most relevant advanced structural studies of MOFs based on powder X-ray and neutron scattering.

Keywords


metal-organic frameworks; X-ray diffraction; X-ray scattering; neutron diffraction; neutron scattering

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17344/acsi.2016.2610

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Copyright (c) 2016 Matjaž Mazaj, Venčeslav Kaučič, Nataša Zabukovec Logar

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