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Determination of the activity signature of key carbohydrate metabolism enzymes in phenolic-rich grapevine tissues

Elizabeth Dunn Covington, Thomas Roitsch, Marina Dermastia


Physiological studies in plants often require enzyme extraction from tissues containing high concentrations of phenols and polyphenols. Unless removed or neutralized, such compounds may hinder extraction, inactivate enzymes, and interfere with enzyme detection. The following protocol for activity assays for enzymes of primary carbohydrate metabolism, while based on our recently published one for quantitative measurement of activities using coupled spectrophotometric assays in a 96-well format, is tailored to the complexities of phenolic- and anthocyanin-rich extracts from grapevine leaf. As a case study we applied the protocol to grapevine leaf samples infected with plant pathogenic bacteria 'Candidatus Phytoplasma solani', known to alter carbohydrate metabolism in grapevine. The described adaptations may be useful for determination of metabolic fingerprints for physiological phenotyping of other plant species with inherently high levels of phenolic compounds. 


AGPase; carbohydrates; invertases; sucrose synthase; panel of enzyme activity assays; phytoplasma

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Copyright (c) 2016 Elizabeth Dunn Covington, Thomas Roitsch, Marina Dermastia

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